Seasonal variations of global thunderstorm activity obtained from observations of amplitude-angle characteristics of the noise electromagnetic field in the ELF range

Category: 13-4
V.V. Pchelkin, M.I. Beloglazov, V.I. Kirilov


UDC 551.594.21



V.V. Pchelkin, M.I. Beloglazov, V.I. Kirilov


Polar Geophysical Institute, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences,

Apatity, Russia



Continuous observations of horizontal components of noises magnetic field in the 6–10 Hz frequency range for 2006–2007 years were analyzed. The measurements were performed on the high latitude magnetic observatory “Lovozero” (the central part of the Kola Peninsula). The daily curves of some field amplitude characteristics (the average value of the module horizontal component of the magnetic field, the levels amplitudes at different thresholds, etc.) were constructed for each of the seasons of the northern hemisphere. The systematic seasonal changes of the daily curve of the amplitude characteristics of the noises field were shown and compared with seasonal changes in the position of the world thunderstorm centers and their activities are known from ground-based and satellite observations. It is noted that the diurnal variations of the number strength signals differ from the weak signals. The relative variations in thunderstorm center activity from season to season were estimated by with the model of three point sources.

Keywords: lightning activity, electromagnetic noises, monitoring, diurnal variation, angular distributions, global electrical circuit, simulation, current contribution.



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